part of general learning strategies in second language acquisition. They are aware of the subtleties of word meaning. . (Cited in Kafipour Hosseini Naveh, 2011) In a study conducted by Khatib, Hassanzadeh and Rezaei (2011) under the title of "vocabulary learning strategies of Iranian upper-intermediate EFL learners" they wanted to examine the preferred vocabulary learning strategies of Iranian upper-intermediate EFL learners. This is an important issue because Casanave's (1992) study showed that "acquiring the culture of a disciplinary community involves learning that community's specialized language and Parry (1991, 1993) in his research revealed the challenges of technical, academic vocabulary learning. This type of rich, deep instruction is most likely to influence comprehension (Graves, 2006; McKeown and Beck, 2004). Schmitt (1997,.216) mentions that "effective metacognitive strategies can happen when learners are exposed to L2 as much as possible for example, by reading books, watching movies and interacting with native speakers. Key Concepts, differences in Early Vocabulary Development. (Cited in Atay Ozbulgan, 2007 ). "Study On The Vocabulary Learning Strategies." All Answers Ltd. Students who are word conscious are aware of the words around themthose they read and hear and those they write and speak (Graves and Watts-Taffe, 2002). .
Vocabulary learning strategies used by AFL (Arabic as a Foreign.)
This echoes learners' need to advance their strategy knowledge. Teaching and learning vocabulary: Bringing research to practice, Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
The strategies in this category include analyzing the word, using context, consulting a reference source in L1 or L2, and using parallels in L1 and. Declines in word recognition and word meaning continued, and by grade seven, word meaning scores had fallen to almost three years below grade level, and mean reading comprehension was almost a year below. . According to Isabel Beck, two basic principles should be followed in developing student-friendly explanations or definitions (Beck., 2013 Characterize the word and how it is typically used. PhD thesis, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. Educational Research 29(1 65-72.
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